Recent Publications, Papers, and Patents by the Aerospace Technical Staff

Publications and Papers

(October 2010–April 2011)

First published Summer 2011, Crosslink® magazine.


W. H. Ailor, J. M. Womack, G. E. Peterson, and E. B. Murrell, “Space Debris and the Cost of Space Operations,” Proceedings of the 4th IAASS Conference—Making Safety Matter, Vol. 680 (Dec. 2010).

J. D. Barrie, P. D. Fuqua, K. A. Folgner, and C.-T. Chu, “Control of Stress in Protected Silver Mirrors Prepared by Plasma Beam Sputtering,” Applied Optics, Vol. 50, No. 9, pp. 135–140 (Mar. 2011).

P. A. Bertrand, “Low-Energy-Electron-Stimulated Degradation of a Multiply Alkylated Cyclopentane Oil and Implications for Space Bearings,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 187–198 (Oct. 2010).

R. E. Bitten and E. M. Mahr, “Instrument First, Spacecraft Second (IFSS): A New Paradigm in Space Mission Development,” 2010 30th IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2603–2606 (Honolulu, HI, 2010).

A. Z. Brethorst, N. Desai, D. P. Enright, and R. Scrofano, “Performance Evaluation of Canny Edge Detection on a Tiled Multicore Architecture,” Proceedings of SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 7872 (Feb. 2011).

R. O. Chertov et al., “Forwarding Devices: From Measurements to Simulations,” ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Feb. 2011).

E. Deionno et al., “A Solid-State Switch Containing an Electrochemically Switchable Bistable Poly[n]Rotaxane,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 1487–1495 (Feb. 2011).

E. G. Grayver, H. S. Green, et al., “SDRPHY—XML Description for SDR Physical Layer,” MILCOM 2010, pp. 1140–1146 (San Jose, CA, 2010).

T. B. Guild et al., “The Trapped Proton Environment in Medium Earth Orbit (MEO),” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp. 3135–3142 (Dec. 2010).

S. Kenderian, “Phase and Dispersion of Cylindrical Surface Waves,” Research in Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 224–240 (Oct. 2010).

R. Koga, P. Yu, J. S. George, and S. P. Bielat, “Sensitivity of 2 Gb DDR2 SDRAMs to Protons and Heavy Ions,” 2010 IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop, pp. 17–22 (Denver, CO, 2010).

E. A. Laag et al., “The Multi-wavelength Extreme Starburst Sample of Luminous Galaxies. I. Sample Characteristics,” Astronomical Journal, Vol. 140, No. 6, pp. 2052–2069 (Dec. 2010).

E. A. Lee et al., “Code Generation for Embedded Java with Ptolemy,” Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems. 8th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, pp. 155–166 (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2010).

D. L. Liu, S. H. Liu, C. J. Panetta, K. R. Olson, S. M. Hong, D. R. Alaan, C. J. Mann, and K. T. Luey, “Effects of Contamination on Solar Cell Coverglass,” 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2563–2568 (Honolulu, HI, 2010).

S. F. Liu et al. “Digital Beamforming in a Large Conformal Phased Array Antenna for Satellite Operations Support—Architecture, Design, and Development,” 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, pp. 423–431 (Piscataway, NJ, 2010).

D. K. Lynch, R. J. Rudy, et al., “The Dusty Nova V1065 Centauri (Nova Cen 2007): A Spectroscopic Analysis of Abundances and Dust Properties,” Astronomical Journal, Vol. 140, No. 5, pp. 1347–69 (Nov. 2010).

D. K. Lynch, R. W. Russell, et al., “Mid-Infrared Spectrophotometric Observations of Fragments B and C of Comet 73p/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3,” Astronomical Journal, Vol. 141, No. 1, pp. 26 (Jan. 2011).

V. N. Mahajan, “Orthonormal Aberration Polynomials for Anamorphic Optical Imaging Systems with Rectangular Pupils,” Applied Optics, Vol. 49, No. 38, pp. 6924–6929 (Dec. 2010).

V. N. Mahajan et al., “Systematic Comparison of the Use of Annular and Zernike Circle Polynomials for Annular Wavefronts,” Applied Optics, Vol. 49, No. 33, pp. 6489–6501 (Nov. 2010).

E. A. Nguyen, C. F. Rexach, A. E. Walther, et al., “The Importance of Data Quality in Software Reliability Modeling,” 2010 IEEE 21st International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering, pp. 220–228 (San Jose, CA, 2010).

Y. Ni and J. B. Chang, “COPV Standard Requirements Implementation Issues,” 51st AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference (Orlando, FL, 2010).

J. C. Nocerino and S. H. Liu, “Solar Simulator Air Mass Zero Calibration Method,” 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2590–2593 (Honolulu, HI, 2010).

M. J. O’Brien, A. R. De La Cruz, et al., “A Novel Proof Test for Silicon Nitride Balls,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 94, No. 2, pp. 597–604 (March 2011).

A. R. Okorogu et al., “Photorefractive Amplification at High Frequencies,” Proceedings of the SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 7957, p. 79570K (2011).

E. Pierre-Louis, “Fatigue Margins Established by Unit and Spacecraft Protoqualification Tests,” Journal of the IEST, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 24–34 (Oct. 2010).

S. C. Russo et al., “An Investigation on Flexible Communications in Publish/Subscribe Services,” Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems. 8th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, pp. 204–215 (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2010).

A. D. Schutte et al., “A New General Method for Modeling Complex Multibody Dynamical Systems,” Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction, and Operations in Challenging Environments—Earth and Space 2010, pp. 1769–1796 (Honolulu, HI, 2010).

Y. Sin, B. J. Foran, et al., “Nanopatterned Quantum Dot Active Region Lasers on InP Substrates,” Proceedings of the SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 7953, p. 795304 (2011).

Y. Sin, B. J. Foran, et al., “Quantum Dot Active Regions Based on Diblock Copolymer Nanopatterning and Selective MOCVD Growth,” 2011 IEEE Winter Topicals, pp. 33–34 (Piscataway, NJ, 2011).

Y. Sin, N. Presser, N. A. Ives, and S. C. Moss, “A Study of Degradation in High Power Multi-Mode InGaAs-AlGaAs Strained Quantum Well Lasers as Pump Lasers,” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 1195, pp. 47–53 (Boston, MA, 2010).

D. M. Speckman et al., “The Effect of Deposition Conditions on the Atomic Oxygen Induced Degradation of MgF2 Anti-Reflective Coatings,” 2010 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), pp. 002546–002549 (Piscataway, NJ, 2010).

H. H. Tan, R. M. Liang, and J. Han, “Information Exchange in Wireless Networks with Noisy Transmission Links,” MILCOM 2010, pp. 2243–2249 (San Jose, CA, 2010).

D. A. Thomas, “Causes of Catastrophic Failure in Complex Systems,” Proceedings of SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 7796 (Dec. 2010).

R. Weber et al., “A Model-based Design Methodology with Contracts to Enhance the Development Process of Safety-Critical Systems,” Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems. 8th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, pp. 59–70 (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2010).

B. H. Weiller, J. D. Fowler, and R. M. Villahermosa, “Inhibition of Contamination Laser Induced Damage to Optical Substrates,” Proceedings of SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 7842 (Dec. 2010).

N. P. Wells and J. C. Camparo, “87Rb D1 Isoclinic Point,” Physical Review A—Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 82, No. 6, p. 062505 (Dec. 2010).

T. S. Yeoh, S. D. La Lumondiere, N. A. Ives, and M. S. Leung, “Backside Infrared Imaging Using Improved Refraction—Assisted Illumination Methods,” ISTFA 2010—Conference Proceedings from the 36th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, pp. 254–256 (Dallas, TX, 2010).

R. J. Zaldivar, H. I. Kim, G. L. Steckel, D. N. Patel, B. A. Morgan, and J. P. Nokes, “Surface Preparation for Adhesive Bonding of Polycyanurate-Based Fiber-Reinforced Composites Using Atmospheric Plasma Treatment,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 120, No. 2, pp. 921–931 (Apr. 2011).

R. J. Zaldivar and J. P. Nokes, “Identification and Evaluation of Progressive Thermal Degradation Caused by Carbamate Formation in Cyanate Ester Resin-Based Composites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 158–169 (Jan. 2011).


(May 2009–March 2010)

G. Hawkins and J. Murdock, “Combustible Outgassing Material Lined Altitude Compensating Rocket Nozzle,” U.S. Patent No. 7,815,146, Oct. 2010.
Rocket boosters typically use a nozzle with an outlet pressure selected to optimize average performance during launch. This is not the most efficient setup because these nozzles typically overexpand the exhaust gases at liftoff and then underexpand them at high altitudes. Better performance could be obtained by continuously varying the outlet pressure during ascent. This invention allows a bell-shaped rocket nozzle to do so. The interior of the nozzle is lined with a thin layer of combustible material, which is ignited by the rocket engine exhaust. The gases produced travel down the nozzle and create an outgassing pressure plane inside the nozzle approximately equal to the external atmospheric pressure. The matched exhaust pressure from the nozzle to atmosphere over a large range of altitudes increases the lift performance of a rocket engine without additional mechanical parts. The combustible material is relatively inexpensive and does not add significant weight. The material thickness, position, and taper can be selected to optimize the lift capability of the rocket.
Y. Chan, J. Camparo, S. Karuza, et al., “Precision Frequency Change Detector,” U.S. Patent No. 7,847,597, Dec. 2010.
GPS satellites use atomic frequency standards to generate signals with precise frequencies. Atomic frequency standards are known for their precision and stability; however, they can suffer frequency jumps caused by their environment and external/internal clock physics perturbation. This fractional error can cause a much larger user error, especially if undetected and allowed to compound. Currently, frequency change detectors are located on the ground. This patent describes a change detector that can be installed onboard to autonomously and continuously monitor and solve frequency jumps or changes in frequency standard. The device operates by splitting a frequency standard into two replica signals. One replica signal is maintained, while the other is delayed by a predetermined amount. The two replica signals are then mixed together to form a mixed-frequency signal, which is filtered and amplified. The output detection signal indicates any change in the frequency.

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