Aerospace policy paper explores regulations and compliance for nontraditional missions
EL SEGUNDO, Calif. (Nov. 30, 2017) – The Aerospace Corporation’s (Aerospace) Center for Space Policy and Strategy today released a policy paper, Navigating the Space Compliance Roadmap for Small Satellites. The paper explores U.S. spaceflight regulations and how they apply to the increasingly common “nontraditional missions,” which do not match the historical norm of a single large government satellite on a launch vehicle. This paper provides roadmaps to help new mission planners obtain the proper approvals prior to launch.
The release of Aerospace’s analysis is timely, as Congress is considering new legislation, The American Space Commerce Free Enterprise Act of 2017, intended to foster a “more favorable legal and policy environment for free enterprise.” Authors Barbara Braun, systems director, Space Innovation Directorate, and Eleni “Sam” Sims, project engineer, highlight significant opportunities to improve and streamline the current approval process for new space systems.
“Launches today rarely consist of one satellite on one launch vehicle owned by a single agency,” said Sims. “The emerging trends that we’re seeing now are a large number of new entrants, space launches that provide multiple rideshares, satellites carrying hosted payloads, and the proliferation of small satellites.”
Transforming the overall process, added Sims, requires time, commitment, cooperation, and legislative action. “We’re recommending a new process that ensures compliance and identifies areas where policy should be reevaluated,” said Braun. “In particular, we looked at policy in the areas of orbital debris, spectrum usage, cybersecurity, imaging, and proximity operations. One potential course of action is for Congress to designate a single authority for commercial space activities.”
Jamie Morin, executive director of the Center for Space Policy and Strategy noted that applicable policy and approval authorities are not always clear-cut.
“U.S. policy regarding access to space is complex and often confusing for new players, with different agencies regulating different types of missions or even different phases of a mission,” said Morin. “The situation is even more complicated for satellites that don’t fit the typical mission mold and launches that don’t have a single responsible owner. That describes a growing number of missions involving large constellations of small satellites, with diverse funding mechanisms and flexible launch strategies.”
To read Navigating the Space Compliance Roadmap for Small Satellites paper and others related to space policy matters, visit www.aerospace.org/policy.
About The Center for Space Policy and Strategy
The Center for Space Policy and Strategy was formed in 2000 to address the need for expert analysis to support development of well-informed, technically defensible, and forward-looking space and technology policy. The center is committed to helping policymakers manage the opportunities and challenges inherent in a time of tremendous change for the overall space enterprise.
About The Aerospace Corporation
The Aerospace Corporation is a California nonprofit corporation that operates a federally funded research and development center and has approximately 3,700 employees. It provides guidance and advice to military, civil, and commercial customers to ensure the success of complex, technology-based programs. The Aerospace Corporation is headquartered in El Segundo, Calif., with multiple locations across the United States. For more information on Aerospace, visit www.aerospace.org. Follow us on Twitter: @AerospaceCorp
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